Need for Total Productive Maintenance in SME and Barriers in Implementing TPM in SME
Total Productive Maintenance is a maintenance program which involves a newly defined concept for maintaining plans and equipment. TPM program allows manufacturing units to look for evolutionary changes happened in business environment. It is an evolving technique which is followed in the all organization. This helps us to improve the key business process which is used to identify key performance indicators. The objective of the study is to know why it is needed to be implemented for small scale industries and how effectively it will be to operate after implementing total productive maintenance. In this paper it is also visualized the indirect benefits of TPM making the production smoother at a faster rate. To improve equipment reliability, the TPM strategy was implemented in which the regular daily maintenance was carried out by the operators while the mandate given to the maintenance crew was to carryout specialized maintenance, upgrades and modification jobs to minimize failures thereby increasing machine availability, reducing costs and improving profitability of the organization. The study highlights the strong potential of TPM implementation initiatives in affecting organizational performance improvements. The research focuses upon the significant contributions of TPM implementation success factors like top management leadership and involvement, traditional maintenance practices and holistic TPM implementation initiatives, towards affecting improvements in manufacturing performance in the small scale industry. Hence, TPM is a useful tool in helping firm to achieve optimal manufacturing process. By being able to achieve this level of maintenance, an organization will be able to reap competitive advantages brought by TPM, thus, producing quality products that manage to satisfy customers and subsequently generating greater profits.
Keywords - Total Productive Maintenance, OEE (Overall Equipment Effectiveness), Success Factors.