Impact of Mahatma Gandhi National Rural Employment Guarantee Act on Rural Agricultural Wage
This paper studies the impact of Mahatma Gandhi National Rural Employment Guarantee Act on rural agricultural wages. The growth rate of the agricultural wage in men and women before and after the implementation of MGNREGA are compared. The growth between the period of 1999-2000 and 2004-05 is compared to that between the period of 2008-09 and 2013-14. The period between 1999-2000 and 2004-05 is the pre-MGNREGA period, and the period between 2008-09 and 2013-14 is the post-MGNREGA period. The comparison helps to check the effect of MGNREGA in rural agricultural wage rate in both men and women. Then, a regression is run to determine the factors other than MGNREGA that have affected the rural wage rate for me. The regression results conclude that factors like area under irrigation, share of agriculture in GDP, agricultural yield, and public outlay in agricultural and allied services, along with the implementation of MGNREGA, have influenced the rural wage rate positively.