Analyzing the Role of Service Providers in Conservation of Coral Reef
Coral reefs are diverse underwater invertebrate organisms which provide habitat to a number of other marine species. They are a significant revenue source for tourism businesses and for the local communities in reef bearing regions of the world. In the recent decades though, coral reef ecosystems have been under stress due to human induced climate change caused by the release of greenhouse gases. Tourism industry is one of the contributors of these greenhouse gases which makes it responsible for the conservation and preservation of coral reefs. With this in view, the aim of this study is to understand the involvement of tourism service providers in conservation and restoration of coral reefs. The study area were the islands of Lakshadweep and Andaman Islands. Interviews were conducted with an interview schedule to gather primary data. The results indicate that regions which offered coral reefs as an attraction had already taken measures aimed at conserving and preserving coral reef ecosystems. Also they have been successful at creating a mutual benefit for other stakeholders too. In spite of these efforts to protect coral reef habitats, it is difficult to be optimistic about the health of reefs globally over the short term in the context of increasing human populations and economic growth. Therefore, educational campaigns, volunteerism and tourists' direct involvement with service providers can pave way for a better future of these coral ecosystems and tourism industry in the region.