Sustainable and Smart City Project: An Overview of the Application of Multiple Criteria Decision Making Techniques and Approaches for Indian Context
Sustainability assessment has become an important tool for planners and developers to aid in the shift towards sustainability and improving quality of life of humans. With the growing worldwide awareness on sustainable development, climate change and proper solid waste management facilities has become an important issue for country like India, smart city project is one such Project of Ministry of Urban Development for addressing such issues. Therefore, to achieve aim of Smart City Project to take advantage appropriate resources available and create a balanced and equal relationship between nature and human society, planners, developers and policy makers must take all the criteria need to analyze for it. This paper proposes an effective solution based TOPSIS (Technique for Order Preference by Similarity to an Ideal Solution) approach to help planners, developers and designer from different field like sociology, economics and engineering working for smart city project having a need to evaluate strategies and select states of India then further taking cities of these states for more deeper studies, considering the solid waste management and sustainable development as their main goal. The main objective of this paper is to combine and integrate solid waste generation, population growth, economic and social factor assessment procedures to support decision making in the context of smart city development in Indian Context (similarly can be applied to any part of world).
Keywords - Smart City Project, TOPSIS, Ministry of Urban Development, solid waste Management (SWM), Sustainable Development.