Advanced Combustion in FI Engine using Gasohol Fuel
Increase in pollution and reduction in non-renewable resources like coal, petroleum, etc. has led the automotive industry to jump to electric and solar vehicles. But they are not completely welcomed by the consumers all over the world. So, in order to reduce emission of toxic gases and to satisfy the consumers the only way is alternative fuels (e.g. vegetable oils, animal fats, cooking oil, etc.). Mostly vegetable oils are used for biofuel production .Rice bran oil extracted from the milling process of paddy is used as the source for biodiesel production here in the name of the process transesterification. It is the process of adding alcohol to the methyl esters of oil, also a catalyst (mostly base). After that, the biofuel is blended with commercial fuel (diesel, petroleum) in certain ratios called B2, B5, B20, B40, B50, B100 etc. where
“B” represents Biodiesel and the numbers represent the amount of biodiesel to be blended with diesel in percentage. At last, these blends are put into some tests and their results are compared with straight diesel.
Keywords - Vegetable Oil (rice bran oil), Transesterification, Blending, Performance Tests, Comparison