Emotional Intelligence and Resilience as Predictors of Marital Satisfaction among Spouses of Patients with Diabetes Type 2
Background: Diabetes mellitus is a very common problem in today’s sedentary lifestyle. It requires adhering to a strict diet and exercise regime. It also affects the immediate support group of the patient especially the spouse, thus affecting the marital satisfaction in the process. So, investigating it along with emotional intelligence and resilience adds a new dimension in the existing literature. Objective: The aim of the present study was to investigate emotional intelligence and resilience as predictors of marital satisfaction among spouses of patients with diabetes type 2. Method: The sample for the current study consisted of 150 married adults (75 males and 75 females) in the age group of 35-55 years residing in the tri-city for at least three years. The sample was administered a questionnaire of emotional intelligence, resilience scale along with ENRICH Marital Satisfaction Scale. Inter-correlation analysis, t-test and multiple linear regression analysis were applied. Results: They revealed that emotional intelligence and resilience were positively related to marital satisfaction. It was found that emotional intelligence and resilience predicted marital satisfaction in just the male spouses but not in the female spouses. Conclusion: Emotional intelligence and resilience play an important role in prediction of marital satisfaction.
Keywords - Diabetes, Emotional Intelligence, Marital Satisfaction, Resilience
Abbreviations - EI = Emotional Intelligence, MS = Marital Satisfaction, R = Resilience