High Altitude Sickness: Current Concepts and Gap Analysis
This paper familiarizes the reader with the concept of common diseases, symptoms and treatment at high altitudes with special focus on high altitude pulmonary edema and acute mountain sickness. It also explains the pathophysiological aspect of human body during the onset of these diseases and the co relation of acclimatization with the symptoms related to high altitude sickness. It is generally observed that people with no acclimatization at high altitude generally suffer through these diseases and people living at high altitude or people who go through a slow ascent to high altitude are able to avoid these symptoms. But in some special cases even people living at high altitude for a long period of time start showing the symptoms of high-altitude sickness as their lose the ability to adapt to these heights.
Keywords - Pathophysiology, Treatment, Acclimatization, Pulmonary, Edema.