Importance of Medicinal Plants of Haryana
Plants of medicinal importance have been the life savior of human race before the discovery of modern medicines. Use of plant as the source of medicine has been recorded from a 60000 years old grave. By the establishment of AYUSH, Indian government is working to elevate herbal medicines as mainstream medicine. Indian government is presently working hardly in elevating the use of plants as medicines. Plants are easily available resource for natives and poor for treating various diseases. Therefore, the aim of the present review is to understand the knowledge of the medicinal plants as a future source of herbal drugs and finding various plants useful as medicinal plants in Haryana and creating catalogue of all medicinal plants present in Haryana as found by various researchers. Ayurveda is an ancient health care system which evolved in India date back to about 5000 years ago. About 700 plants were described in Charaka Samhita and Sushruta Samhita during the 1st millennium BC. Haryana is a state of Northern India neighboring Delhi. The study is conducted to enlist the various plants of medicinal importance of Haryana. Various studies have been conducted in Haryana to enlighten the various medicines plant found in Haryana but these studies only cover medicinal plants of only 10 out of 22 districts of Haryana, which is less than one fourth. There is huge potential of finding numerous local medicinal species in Haryana which may treat numerous underlying diseases. Various medicinal plants have been enlisted which are found by local communities as having immense benefits as medicines which are being used by local communities from numerous time. This knowledge is found through continuous hit and trial by generations of communities and have got immense knowledge about various medicinal plants, but this knowledge is getting lost due to incomparability in cataloguing the knowledge present in these communities such as Sapera community.
Keywords - AYUSH, Drugs, Health Care, Herbal, Medicinal plants