Health Status and Access to Health Services of Female Prisoners of a Major Jail of Eastern Region, Nepal
Background of the Study
A descriptive cross-sectional study design was used for the study. Study was conducted on, Major jail of Eastern Region, Nepal which is Biratnagar.
Health status was measured by using SF-36 which measures both physical and mental components of the individual. Mean score for each dimensions is calculated which is presented in table no: 7. Among all these eight dimensions highest mean score is of role limitation due to physical problem i.e. 84.67±34.36 and the lowest mean score belongs to emotional wellbeing i.e. 49.46±18.42. Other dimension like PF, RE, BP, GH has mean score above 50.
Almost half (45.3%) of the respondents were from the age group 20-30 and least (4%) from the age group less than 19 years. The mean age of respondent was 33.56 ±11.949. Among the respondents more than half (52%) were married. Regarding the ethnicity, more than half (52%) were found to be Janjati followed by Dalit (16%) and Madeshi (13.3%), Brahmin/Chhetri (10.7%) and Muslim (8%). Most of the respondents were Hindu (70.7). Among the respondents 46.7% have no formal education, 29.3% have basic education (up to 8), 20% have secondary education (9-12) and 4% have intermediate and above. 37.3% respondents were in prison for the crime of murder. More than half (52%) were there in prison for less than 1 year. Half of the respondents (52%) were employed before coming to prison. 62.7% of respondents were under trial.
Based on the result, this study revealed that 46.7% have poor health status. Skin problems, headache, backache are the problem commonly seen in the prisoners. Regarding access to health services 18.7% rated access as poor/very poor.
Keywords - Health Status, Prisoner, Jail